Indian state elections: situational brief


  • Results: In the recent 2023 state elections in India, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) achieved a significant victory in several key states. The BJP swept the Hindi heartland states of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan, showcasing its dominance in the lead-up to the 2024 general election.
  • The BJP machine: The BJP’s resounding victories reflect its robust electoral machinery and the enduring popularity of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, positioning it strongly for the national polls. These wins underscore the BJP’s effective governance narrative and its appeal across a significant voter base.
  • A weak opposition: Conversely, Congress’s mixed results, particularly its losses in politically crucial regions, point to challenges in mounting a strong opposition. The emergence of a multi-party alliance led by Congress had suggested an evolving political landscape. However, the BJP’s dominance in key states indicates a potentially uphill battle for the opposition.


The recent state election results in India, ahead of the 2024 general elections, offer a vivid snapshot of the current political landscape and the relative strengths of the main parties, especially the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress.

The BJP’s sweeping victories in Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh demonstrate its continued strong presence in India’s political heartland. Winning a record fifth term in Madhya Pradesh by securing 163 of 230 seats, and impressive victories in Rajasthan (115 of 199 seats) and Chhattisgarh (54 of 90 seats), the BJP has solidified its position as a dominant force in Indian politics. These results indicate a strong voter endorsement of the BJP’s governance model, and indicates that Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s image remains robust.

BJP leaders credited these victories to what they termed ‘Modi’s magic,’ suggesting a strong personal endorsement of Modi by the electorate. Additionally, Modi’s active campaigning, especially in Madhya Pradesh, was lauded by party members, indicating his significant influence in swaying voter sentiment.

Congress, while facing defeat in three critical states, managed to secure a comfortable win in Telangana, with 64 of 119 seats. This victory, however, is overshadowed by the party’s losses in the Hindi heartland, which are considered a significant setback. The outcome in Telangana represents a silver lining, but does not offset the broader challenges Congress faces.

Senior leaders within Congress are calling for a united front against Narendra Modi and the BJP, emphasizing the need for a consensus on seat-sharing and strategic alignment. This need is underscored by the formation of the INDIA consortium, which is grappling with the challenge of presenting a cohesive alternative to Modi’s leadership.

One thought on “Indian state elections: situational brief”

Comments are closed.